Science of Aviation

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Science of Aviation

The Science of Aviation, which allows us to fly, works hand-in-hand with design to create the machines we so admire. Fully comprehending the artistry of aircraft requires understanding the physics and engineering, the navigation and aerodynamics, the robotics and computer science that contribute to the contemporary world of flying. By engaging with the latest science and technology that moves flight forward, we'll be able to appreciate the power and privilege of flying.

Portrait of Daniel Bernoulli the mathematician who first explained the concept of aerodynamic lift

Aerodynamics - Why Aircraft Attain Lift

Aerodynamics is the science of air in motion and explains how and why an aircraft flies. It can be compared to, and contrasted with, aerostatics. ...

Boy holding up a wooden toy airplane amid many mathematical formulas written on a blue and yellow sky.

Aircraft Weight and Balance

Introduction to Physics Physics is the study of the entire natural, or physical, world and can be subdivided into two categories: Classical physics, Modern physics. It employs the scientific method of ...

Aircraft wing design with protractor and draughting pen

Aerospace Design

For a Boeing 747 weighing 350 tonnes, the wing will need to be capable of resisting loads of over 1000 tonnes without failure or excess distortion. Because high-speed aircraft need small wings for low ...

Flying pterodactyl over the sky

Did Pterodactyls Have Challenges With Aerodynamic Flight Flutter - What Was Evolution's Solution?

Flight flutter kills, especially when an aircraft is low and slow, or traveling at a high rate of speed ready to rip apart. What's it like, it's like experiencing chaos in its most natural form. If yo ...

B-1B Lancer Bomber - Aft wing settings are used in high subsonic and supersonic flight, enhancing the B-1's performance.

Aircraft Design of Structures and Wings

An aircraft flying through the air generates pressure waves, which move at the speed of sound. At speeds below the local speed of sound these pressure waves warn the oncoming air that the aircraft is ...

Creative arrangement of colored sine vibrations, light and fractal elements as a concept metaphor on subject of sound equalizer, music spectrum and quantum probability

Noise Cancelling and Quantum Pressure Release Theory - Aerodynamic Usage Contemplated

Perhaps, you are aware of some of the interesting laws of physics which surround noise and vibrations, if so, you have probably experienced the equilibrium which is also used in modern-day headphones ...

Fly-by-wire philosophy sketch

Automatic Flight Controls Systems

Fly-by-wire systems flight envelope protection. Every aircraft design is tested mathematically and in flight to determine the limits of pitch, roll, yaw, angle of attack and 'g' force that the airfra ...

Ground personnel at the airport check the hydraulic system of the landing gear of the aircraft

Aircraft Hydraulic Accumulators

Strut/accumulator inflate/deflate tools will now allow aircraft service personnel to achieve accurate setting of aircraft hydraulic accumulators and, consequently, aircraft strut pressures. Accurate s ...

Silhouette of helicopter taking off at sunset

How Helicopters Work

Helicopters are more maneuverable than planes or any other small aircraft. While a plane can only move forward, a helicopter can hover in place, move side-to-side, rotate 360 degrees, and even fly ba ...

Chassis of the airplane under heavy maintenance check

Heavy Maintenance Checks

A thorough inspection of the landing gear is part and parcel of heavy maintenance checks and involves the entire structure of the gear, including attachments, struts, wheels, brakes, actuating mechani ...

The exhaust nozzle of a modern turbofan aircraft engine.

Jet Pipes and Exhaust System Modules

Almost all of the noise from a jet is caused by the violent turbulent mixing at the boundary between the jet and the atmosphere. Initially the edge of the jet is clearly defined and there is thus a hi ...

Flight deck in regular airplane.

Aviation - Human Factors Training

Human Factors Engineering governs civil aircraft flight deck design. Human Factors Training assumes the operation of future aviation systems will continue to rely on humans in the system for effective ...

Cross-section of an aircraft wheel and brake assembly

Super Alloy Parts in Aviation

The first successful flights of jet engine-powered airplanes (in World War II, by the German and British military) were made with materials-limited engines of relatively modest performance. As they ad ...

Three engineers examine the aircraft fuselage

Aircraft Structures

We are only in the early stages of composite aircraft fuselages. Pressurised aircraft structures currently flying are still, the majority, of semi-monocoque, fail-safe construction. ...

Nano-ceramic coating on blue surface

Aerospace Coatings

The science of aerospace coatings takes us beyond aerospace paints and aircraft interior coatings. Coatings play a huge role in the aircraft turbine industry. ...

An aircraft winglet during flight at cruising altitude

Aircraft Fuel Efficiency - Where Are We Now?

The last two decades have not yielded much in the way of improved aircraft fuel efficiency. In fact, a recent study performed by the International Council on Clean Transportation stated commercial jet ...

Close up section of jet engine with titanium blades and section of the wing on a blue sky background.

Titanium Metals in Aviation

Just why is titanium so widely used in aviation? Titanium metal has numerous properties that make it an ideal choice when building and manufacturing various parts for airplanes, jet engines, and other ...

Aerobatics at the Truckee, California airshow

Aviation Controls

The science of aerodynamics is a very complicated subject to understand for the average person, just like most sciences. The majority of aviation control comes from aerodynamics which is the major for ...

Jet fuel only placard on the aircraft wing

The History and the Uses of Jet Fuel

The development of the aviation industries also leads to the elaboration of a new type of fuel. This new kind of fuel was focused mainly on air transport, and it is another vital item to all planes. A ...

Maintenance hall with planes standing in aircraft fixtures for repair.

Specialized Fixtures for Aircraft Design and Manufacturing

Aircraft manufacturing and assembly is a long and painstaking process. Aircraft tooling can help to make the process less cumbersome. This article sheds light on aircraft assembly fixtures, which are ...

Museum of the history of aircraft engine building. Aircraft engines on stands. Turbine engines and internal combustion engines.

Aircraft Engine Technology

Jet engines move the airplane forward with a great force that is produced by a tremendous push and causes the plane to fly very fast. All jet engines which are also called gas turbines work on the sam ...

Bunch of golden and silver aircraft rivets used to repair aircraft

Aircraft Rivets and Aerospace Fasteners

The two major types of rivets used in aircraft are the common solid shank rivets, which must be driven using an air-driven rivet gun and bucking bar; and special (blind) rivets, which are installed wi ...

Light aircraft body part, workshop. Production of an airplane.

Aircraft Structural Components

The major aircraft structural components are wings, fuselage, and empennage. The primary flight control surfaces, located on the wings and empennage, are ailerons, elevators, and rudder. These parts a ...

Science of Aviation

Science of Aviation

The Science of Aviation, which allows us to fly, works hand-in-hand with design to create the machines we so admire. Fully comprehending the artistry of aircraft requires understanding the physics and ...

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